“You can not own a child of God,” proclaims a slave named Moses (Mahershala Ali, HBO’s Treme). “We don’t got no country on either side. We’re our own Country,” says Confederate Army deserter Newton “Newt” Knight (Matthew McConaughey, Dallas Buyer’s Club). Those poignant bits of dialogue sum up the rebellious spirit in this rousing and sometimes powerful historical drama. The film is based on fact and centers on a group of runaway slaves and poor white farmers in Mississippi who rebelled against the Civil War.
Writer/director Gary Ross (The Hunger Games) has brought his ten-year project to life and his efforts have culminated in a history lesson that is surprising and confounding on many levels. His thoughtful script, with its well-formed characters, memorable dialogue and evocative settings, doesn’t paint a rosy Utopian picture of blacks and whites living together in perfect harmony. It depicts two unlikely contingents working together as they fight a common enemy. Their target is the corrupt Confederacy, which enslaves, steals provisions and possessions, caters to the rich and exploits the poor. The themes are old yet oddly modern in nature and will make viewers contemplate the film’s messages.
In the 1860s, Newton “Newt” Knight, a farmer who is not a slave owner, becomes a medic in the Ambulance Corps of the Confederate Army. His social/political bent is more Union than Confederate. He is disillusioned with the war and despises rules like the Twenty Negro Law: Sons of wealthy owners of 20 or more slaves are exempted from the military. When his 14-year-old nephew Daniel is killed in combat, Newt takes his body home, back to the Jones County region of Mississippi. He is further dismayed to find that Confederate tax-in-kind agents (plunderers) have been taking landowners’ animals, food and provisions in lieu of taxes. Folks are being left penniless and without food.
Newt helps his neighbors rebel and is hunted. Leaving his wife Serena (Keri Russell) and a young son behind, he escapes into the swampland, joining a group of runaway slaves led by Moses. In the swamps he is protected, and along with Moses forms a more organized group of rebels that include Rachel (Gugu Mbatha-Raw, Beyond The Lights), a house slave who is being abused by her master. Their group becomes more organized every day and more bold. They form “The Free State of Jones,” a mixed-race, anti-war community—a safe haven.
For two hours and 19 minutes, Gary Ross’ script, with a story by Leonard Hartman, and Ross’s steady, perceptive direction are fairly engrossing. What’s presented is a side of the Civil War (theft, taxation and privilege) that most audience members will not have known. They also don’t sugar coat the frail union between slaves and poor Southern whites, another curious part of the puzzle.
A parallel subplot set in 1948, involves Knight’s great grandson facing off against the State of Mississippi in a groundbreaking miscegenation trial. He has married a white woman. Because he has one-eighth black blood, therefore making him black in the eyes of the state, their union is illegal and must be annulled or he faces prison. This storyline seems superfluous, even if it is based on fact.
The film’s pacing (editors Pamela Martin and Juliette Welfling) is deliberate. The cinematography is graphic (Benoît Delhomme) and unlike many war dramas the costumes (Louise Frogley) look lived in.
That said, the film’s strength comes not only from its surprising premise but superb performances. Mahershala Ali as Moses is stoic. Keri Russell as Newt’s wife gives a seamless backwoods country performance. Gugu Mbatha-Raw as Rachel, who becomes Newt’s common-law wife, balances vulnerability and courage gracefully. Every actor who plays a heartless Confederate soldier (Bill Tangradi, Thomas Francis Murphy, Wayne Pére) brings a cold demonic presence to his role. You know they are the bad guys, the antagonists.
Matthew McConaughey was born to play this part. His Texas drawl, laconic ways, and local boy feel suit him well as the understated leader of a ragtag group of rebels who defy the odds. Regardless of the success of this movie, this may be his best performance ever.
Most of the time, movies are more fascinating than history because they get to use creative license. In this case, fact may be more shocking than fiction as the real Newt, Rachel and Serena led very uncommon lives that are quite fascinating. (For details go to: http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/free-state-of-jones/
A surprisingly enlightening film.
Visit NNPA News Wire Film Critic Dwight Brown at DwightBrownInk.com.